By 2050, at least one in four people is likely to live in a country affected by chronic or recurring shortages of fresh water. This goal is to ensure access to water and sanitation for all. It is essential that all people in the world live with clean, accessible water. There is sufficient fresh water on the planet to achieve this. Given that bad economics or poor infrastructure, every year millions of people, most of them children, die from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene.
Food security, livelihood choices and educational opportunities are impacted by Water scarcity, poor water quality and inadequate sanitation negatively for poor families across the world. Drought afflicts some of the world’s poorest countries, worsening hunger and malnutrition.
Here are the details of SDG6 Clean Water and Sanitation according to the United Nations.
By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally
By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity
By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies
Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management
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Sample data sets in Hong Kong: SDG6 Clean Water and Sanitation